White papers

   
Biofilm & Energy efficiency: the improvement of energy efficiency within the industrial sector is, currently, a hot topic at global level. Unfortunately, the impact of biofilm growth on energy use and efficiency is frequently underestimated.   Residual chlorine: monitoring microbial contamination in pipelines, and assessing the effect of biocide treatment is important - doing it correctly is crucial. Unfortunately, residual chlorine measurement does not provide a full understanding of the results of sanitation, nor of the amount of bacteria in the pipeline.   Safe Water in Smart Cities: both human and environmental health are strongly dependent on the preservation of water. In order to ensure it, monitoring technologies play an important role. Indeed, the application of smart technologies allows to optimize water treatment and to preserve this precious resource.