White papers

Bacteria Detection: microbial control practices are often based on an incomplete, or even wrong approach. Commonly, several efforts are spent to monitor free-floating bacteria in the liquid. Even if this is a widely-applied standard, it does not keep into account biofilm.   HACCP and Biofilm: biofilm monitoring approach is an integral part of a modern process control system known as Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP). This internationally regulated approach, which is based on scientific principles, aims at safeguarding food from biological, chemical and physical hazards.   Fluctuations in Bacterial Count: To monitor the bacterial contamination of a process, sampling and laboratory analysis of the liquid represent the most common approach This allows to detect free-floating microorganisms - and it happens quite often to observe large and unexpected fluctuations in the amount of bacteria in the sample.
Biocides: the selection of a suitable biocide for a specific application is not sufficient to guarantee optimal results against bacteria. In order to keep pipelines clean, prevent problems, save money and time, it is necessary to check the real efficiency and to optimize the treatment.   Residual chlorine: monitoring microbial contamination in pipelines, and assessing the effect of biocide treatment is important - doing it correctly is crucial. Unfortunately, residual chlorine measurement does not provide a full understanding of the results of sanitation, nor of the amount of bacteria in the pipeline.   Safe Water in Smart Cities: both human and environmental health are strongly dependent on the preservation of water. In order to ensure it, monitoring technologies play an important role. Indeed, the application of smart technologies allows to optimize water treatment and to preserve this precious resource.
Return On Investment of Biofilm Monitoring: the industry is investing many resources in the optimization of production and processes, also with "Industry 4.0" initiative. For what concerns cleaning and sanitation treatments, biofilm monitoring can greatly increase efficiency, with a fast ROI.   Biofilm & Energy efficiency: the improvement of energy efficiency within the industrial sector is, currently, a hot topic at global level. Unfortunately, the impact of biofilm growth on energy use and efficiency is frequently underestimated.